IT will be noticed that my preparation for combat fighting
in the air was a gradual one. As I look back upon it now, it seems that I had
the rare good fortune to experience almost every variety of danger that can
beset the war pilot before I ever fired a shot at an enemy from an aeroplane.
This good fortune is rare, it appears to me. Many a better man than myself has
leaped into his stride and begun accumulating victories from his very first
flight over the lines. It was a brilliant start for him and his successes
brought him instant renown. But he had been living on the cream at the start
and was unused to the skim-milk of aviation. One day the cream gave out and the
first dose of skim-milk terminated his career.
So despite the weeks and weeks of disappointment that
attended my early fighting career, I appreciated even then the enormous benefit
that I would reap later from these experiences. I can now most solemnly affirm
that had I won my first victory during my first trips over the lines I believe
I would never have survived a dozen combats. Every disappointment that came to
me brought with it an enduring lesson that repaid me eventually tenfold. If any
one of my antagonists had been through the same school of disappointments that
had so annoyed me it is probable that he, instead of me, would now be telling
his friends back home about his series of victories over the enemy.
April in France is much like April anywhere else. Rains and
cloudy weather appear suddenly out of a clear sky and flying becomes out of the
question or very precarious at best. On the 29th of April, l918, we rose at six
o'clock and stuck our heads out of doors as usual for a hasty survey of a
dismal sky. For the past three or four days it had rained steadily. No patrols
had gone out from our aerodrome. If they had gone they would not have found any
enemy aircraft about, for none had been sighted from the lines along our
About noon the sun suddenly broke through and our hopes
began to rise. I was slated for a patrol that afternoon and from three o'clock
on I waited about the hangars watching the steadily clearing sky. Captain Hall
and I were to stand on alert until six o'clock that night at the aerodrome.
Precisely at five o'clock Captain Hall received a telephone call from the
French headquarters at Beaumont stating that an enemy twoseater machine had
just crossed our lines and was flying south over their heads.
Captain Hall and I had been walking about the field with our
flying clothes on and our machines were standing side by side with their noses
pointing into the wind. Within the minute we had jumped into our seats and our
mechanics were twirling the propellers. Just then the telephone sergeant came
running out to us and told Captain Hall to hold his flight until the Major was
ready. He was to accompany us and would be on the field in two minutes.
While the sergeant was delivering the message I was scanning
the northern heavens and there I suddenly picked up a tiny speck against the
clouds above the Forêt de la Reine, which I was convinced must be the
enemy plane we were after. The Major was not yet in sight. Our motors were
smoothly turning over and everything was ready.
Pointing out the distant speck to Jimmy Hall, I begged him
to give the word to go before we lost sight of our easy victim. If we waited
for the Major we might be too late.
To my great joy Captain Hall acquiesced and immediately
ordered the boys to pull away the blocks from our wheels. His motor roared as
he opened up his throttle and in a twinkling both our machines were running
rapidly over the surface of the field. Almost side by side we arose and
climbing swiftly, soared away in a straight line after our distant Boche.
In five minutes we were above our observation balloon line
which stretches along some two miles or so behind the front. I was on Jimmy's
right wing and off to my right in the direction of Pont-à-Mousson I
could still distinguish our unsuspecting quarry. Try as I might I could not
induce the Captain to turn in that direction, though I dipped my wings, darted
away from him and tried in every way to attract his attention to the target
which was so conspicuous to me. He stupidly continued on straight north.
I determined to sever relations with him and take on the
Boche alone, since he evidently was generous enough to give me a clear field.
Accordingly I swerved swiftly away from Captain Hall and within five minutes
overhauled the enemy and adroitly maneuvered myself into an ideal position just
under his sheltering tail. It was a large three-seater machine and a brace of
guns poked their noses out to the rear over my head. With fingers closing on my
triggers I prepared for a dash upwards and quickly pulled back my stick. Up I
zoomed until my sights began to travel along the length of the fusilage
overhead. Suddenly they rested on a curiously familiar looking device. It was
the French circular cocard painted brightly under each wing! Up to this time I
had not even thought of looking for its nationality, so certain had I been that
this must be the Boche machine that had been sighted by the French
Completely disgusted with myself, I viraged abruptly away
from my latest blunder, finding some little satisfaction in witnessing the
startled surprise of the three Frenchmen aboard the craft, who had not become
aware of my proximity until they saw me flash past them. At any rate I had
stalked them successfully and might have easily downed them if they had been
Boches. But as it was, it would be a trifle difficult to face Jimmy Hall again
and explain to him why I had left him alone to get myself five miles away under
the tail of a perfectly harmless ally three-seater. I looked about to discover
There he was cavorting about amidst a thick barrage of black
shell-bursts across the German lines. He was half-way to St. Mihiel and a mile
or two in side Hun territory. Evidently he was waiting for me to discover my
mistake and then overtake him, for he was having a delightful time with the
Archy gunners doing loops, barrels, side-slips and spins immediately over their
heads to show them his contempt for them while he waited for his comrade.
Finally he came out of the Archy area with a long graceful dive and swinging up
alongside my machine he wiggled his wings as though he were laughing at me and
then suddenly he set a course back towards Pont-à-Mousson.
Whether or not he knew all along that a German craft was in
that region I could not tell. But when he began to change his direction and
curve up into the sun I followed close behind him knowing that there was a good
reason for this maneuver. I looked earnestly about me in every direction.
Yes! There was a scout coming towards us from north of
Pont-à-Mousson. It was at about our altitude. I knew it was a Hun the
moment I saw it, for it had the familiar lines of their new Pfalz. More. over,
my confidence in James Norman Hall was such that I knew he couldn't make a
mistake. And he was still climbing into the sun, carefully keeping his position
between its glare and the oncoming fighting plane I clung as closely to Hall as
I could. The Hun was steadily approaching us, unconscious of his danger, for we
were full in the sun.
With the first downward dive of Jimmy's machine I was by his
side. We had at least a thousand feet advantage over the enemy and we were two
to one numerically. He might outdive our machines, for the Pfalz is a famous
diver, while our faster climbing Nieuports had a droll little habit of shedding
their fabric when plunged too furiously through the air. The Boche hadn't a
chance to outfly us. His only salvation would be in a dive towards his own
These thoughts passed through my mind in a flash and I
instantly determined upon my tactics. While Hall went in for his attack I would
keep my altitude and get a position the other side of the Pfalz, to cut off his
No sooner had I altered my line of flight than the German
pilot saw me leave the sun's rays. Hall was already half-way to him when he
stuck up his nose and began furiously climbing to the upper ceiling. I let him
pass me and found myself on the other side just as Hall began firing. I doubt
if the Boche had seen Hall's Nieuport at all.
Surprised by discovering this new antagonist, Hall, ahead of
him, the Pfalz immediately abandoned all idea of a battle and banking around to
the right started for home, just as I had expected him to do. In a trice I was
on his tail. Down, down we sped with throttles both full open. Hall was coming
on somewhere in my rear. The Boche had no heart for evolutions or maneuvers. He
was running like a scared rabbit, as I had run from Campbell. I was gaining
upon him every instant and had my sights trained dead upon his seat before I
fired my first shot.
At 150 yards I pressed my triggers. The tracer bullets cut a
streak of living fire into the rear of the Pfalz tail. Raising the nose of my
aeroplane slightly the fiery streak lifted itself like the stream of water
pouring from a garden hose. Gradually it settled into the pilot's seat. The
swerving of the Pfalz course indicated that its rudder no longer was held by a
directing hand. At 2000 feet above the enemy's lines I pulled up my headlong
dive and watched the enemy machine continuing on its course. Curving slightly
to the left the Pfalz circled a little to the south and the next minute crashed
onto the ground just at the edge of the woods a mile inside their own lines. I
had brought down my first enemy aeroplane and had not been subjected to a
Hall was immediately beside me. He was evidently as pleased
as I was over our success, for he danced his machine about in incredible
maneuvers. And then I realized that old friend Archy was back on the job. We
were not two miles away from the German antiaircraft batteries and they put a
furious bombardment of shrapnel all about us. I was quite ready to call it a
day and go home, but Captain Hall deliberately returned to the barrage and
entered it with me at his heels. Machine-guns and rifle fire from the trenches
greeted us and I do not mind admitting that I got out quickly the way I came in
without any unnecessary delay, but Hall continued to do stunts over their heads
for ten minutes, surpassing all the acrobatics that the enraged Boches had ever
seen even over their own peaceful aerodromes.
Jimmy exhausted his spirits at about the time the Huns had
exhausted all their available ammunition and we started blithely for home.
Swooping down to our field side by side, we made a quick landing and taxied our
victorious machines up to the hangars. Then jumping out we ran to each other,
extending glad hands for our first exchange of congratulations. And then we
noticed that the squadron pilots and mechanics were streaming across the
aerodrome towards us from all directions. They had heard the news while we were
still dodging shrapnel and were hastening out to welcome our return. The French
had telephoned in a confirmation of my first victory, before I had had time to
reach home. Not a single bullet hole had punctured any part of my machine.
There is a peculiar gratification in receiving
congratulations from one's squadron for a victory in the air. It is worth more
to a pilot than the applause of the whole outside world. It means that one has
won the confidence of men who share the misgivings, the aspirations, the trials
and the dangers of aeroplane fighting. And with each victory comes a renewal
and re-cementing of ties that bind together these brothers-in-arms. No closer
fraternity exists in the world than that of the air-fighters in this great war.
And I have yet to find one single individual who has attained conspicuous
success in bringing down enemy aeroplanes who can be said to be spoiled either
by his successes or by the generous congratulations of his comrades. If he were
capable of being spoiled he would not have had the character to have won
continuous victories, for the smallest amount of vanity is fatal in aeroplane
fighting. Self-distrust rather is the quality to which many a pilot owes his
It was with a very humble gratitude then that I received the
warm congratulations of Lufbery, whom I had always revered for his seventeen
victoriesof Doug Campbell and Alan Winslow who had brought down the first
machines that were credited to the American Squadrons, and of many others of 94
Squadron who had seen far more service in the battle areas than had I. I was
glad to be at last included in the proud roll of victors of this squadron.
These pals of mine were to see old 94 lead all American Squadrons in the number
of successes over the Huns.
The following day I was notified that General Gerard, the
Commanding Officer of the Sixth French Army, had offered to decorate Captain
Hall and myself in the name of the French Government for our victory of the day
before. We were then operating in conjunction with this branch of the French
Army. The Croix de Guerre with palm was to be accorded each of us, provided
such an order met the approval of our own government. But at that time officers
in the American Army could not accept decorations from a foreign Government, so
the ceremony of presentation was denied us. Both Captain Hall and myself had
been included, as such was the French rule where two pilots participated in a
The truth was that in the tense excitement of this first
victory, I was quite blind to the fact that I was shooting deadly bullets at
another aviator; and if I had been by myself, there is no doubt in my own mind
but that I should have made a blunder again in some particular which would have
reversed the situation. Captain Hall's presence, if not his actual bullets, had
won the victory and had given me that wonderful feeling of self-confidence
which made it possible for me subsequently to return to battle without him and
handle similar situations successfully.
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